龙宝行通航

[龙宝行通航] 给直升机飞行员的7点安全建议

发布时间:2016-12-02 17:26:52

1.

Get in the habit of using pre-departure check lists– All pilots should use a simple checklist to ensure that they and their helicopters are ready to operate properly.  The checklist should include complete weather and fuel information, details about the helicopter equipment, helicopter performance and the task at hand, and a list of required documents for the operation.


将使用飞行前检查单当成一种习惯-所有飞行员都应使用简易的检查单,确保自身和所驾驶的直升机都准备就绪,正常运行。此检查单应包括完整的气象和燃油信息,直升机设备,直升机性能和手头任务的详细信息,以及运行所需的文件清单。

 

2.

Use the IMSAFE checklist to ensure you are fit to fly – Ask yourself about any illness (however slight), medication, stress, alcohol, fatigue, hydration and recent diet.


使用IMSAFE检查单,确保自身适合飞行 - 了解自我身体状况(不管多轻微)有无任何不适 ,服用药物,精神紧张,饮酒,疲劳,脱水和饮食不正常


3.

Conduct a personal risk analysis before each flight – Before each mission, every pilot should ask: “Does the proposed task present safety risks?  What is the probability of a mishap? Are the risks worth taking?”  Sometimes the wisest choice is to just turn around or land, even in a field or an open parking lot. (Land and Live!)  Being asked questions by federal authorities such as the FAA or NTSB is better than having family members answers those questions on your behalf.  


每次飞行前进行个人风险分析评估 - 每次任务前,每个飞行员应该询问:“飞行任务是否存在安全风险?事故的概率是多少?是否值得冒此风险? “有时候,最明智的选择就是返航或者着陆,即使是在机场或者露天停车场。(着陆并且活着!),此类问题由联邦局比如FAA或者NTSB持续发问,不要等到意外发生由家庭成员替你回答。

 

4.

Don’t take risks in questionable weather – Attention pilots: Avoid flying into fog or stormy weather.  Of course, this is common sense that every pilot knows.  However, every year, federal investigators deal with scores of helicopter accidents (often fatal) caused by pilots who took risks in bad weather.  Pressing onward into a storm is never a good idea.


不要在天气条件不好的情形下冒险飞行 - 飞行员应该注意:避免飞入雾或暴风雨等天气里,这对于飞行员而言已算是常识,然而,每年联邦调查员都会受理很多起因为飞行员冒险进入恶劣天气而导致的事故(通常后果很严重)。进入暴风雨永远都不是一个好主意。

 


5.

Don’t fly lower than 1,000 feet above ground level – To avoid wires, trees and other obstacles, fly no lower than 1,000 feet above ground level (AGL) whenever possible.  Even the most experienced helicopter pilots need to be vigilant about this risk and limit their exposure to it.  

飞行高度不能低于1000英尺 - 避免电线,树木以及其他障碍物,尽可能保证飞行离地高度(真高)不低于1000英尺。即使是最有经验的直升机飞行员也需要警惕这种风险,对此做必要的限制。

 

6.

If your mission includes flying low, operate with wire strike protection systems – Some helicopter pilots (such as aerial applicators) must fly low as part of their operation.  In these cases, the aircraft should be equipped with a wire strike protection system to prevent emergency situations from occurring.  


如果有低空飞行任务,需使用电线防刮系统 - 其中一些直升机飞行员( 例如航拍器)必须要完成低空飞行,这属于其工作的一部分。在这些情况下,航空器应配备电线防刮系统,防止紧急情况的发生。


 

7.

At all cost, avoid complacency - Dust off your emergency procedures manual and read it again.  Follow the rotorcraft flight manual’s normal procedures.  File a flight plan.  Conduct a thorough preflight briefing among all flight participants.  Follow standard operating procedures and your personal minimums.  


无论如何,杜绝自骄自傲 - 反复阅读紧急程序手册。按照旋翼机飞行手册正常程序操作。将飞行计划入档。向所有飞行旅客进行飞行前简令。按照标准操作程序和个人最低标准进行操作。



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